Competency-based instruction focuses on the knowledge, skill, and attitude needed to succeed in at a task or job rather than classroom hours. It is particularly valuable for work-based learning because the necessary skills and knowledge are clearly defined and tied to specific occupations. In addition, learning can be self-paced. A growing number of healthcare systems are using this model in apprenticeships, where instructors check off skills as students master them.
There are two options regarding how to deliver competency-based instruction. Employers can partner with a local college or company that has developed such programs, including online learning platforms. Or healthcare systems may prefer to develop an in-house program. Whether you are using a third party to deliver the program or develop it yourself, here are critical steps to keep in mind.
• Identify the skill, knowledge, and attitude needed to acquire mastery of the subject area.
• Provide learning activities that are meaningful and connected to the targeted occupations.
• Ensure students have explicit learning objectives, a roadmap, and a clear understanding of what they must master.
• Incorporate self-paced, student-directed learning as much as possible.
• Prepare learning materials and resources.
• Incorporate meaningful assessments to measure student progress and competencies mastery.
• Determine who will conduct the assessments and what training they need in order to assess accurately.
• Provide support for students who struggle to attain mastery.
• Identify an effective student management system.
• Create an evaluation process that measures the results and efficacy of the program.
PROGRAMMATIC | Healthcare provides one of the greatest opportunities for jobs in today’s economy. However, many people do not know about the array of healthcare jobs that exist and struggle to see how an entry level job can grow into a career.